Whenever you enter a text like php training in Google you get a list of results that contain that text or keyword. Users normally tend to visit websites that are at the top of this list.

If you have ever think why some of these websites rank better than the others then you must know that it is because of a powerful web marketing technique and Good Content,  called Search Engine Optimization (SEO).


How Search Engine Works?

Search engines perform some activities in order to deliver search results

Crawling is the process of fetching all the web pages linked to a web site. This task is performed by software, called a crawler or a spider.

Indexing is the process of creating index for all the fetched web pages and keeping them into a giant database from where it can later be retrieved.

On-Page SEO

This includes providing good content, good keywords selection, putting keywords on correct places, giving appropriate title to every page etc.

Off-Page SEO

This includes link building, increasing link popularity by submitting in open directories, search engines, link exchange etc.


You should have at-least first three headings in your web page i.e. h1 h2 h3. Make sure h1 is not repeated and should contain best keyword of your business.

There are no technical length limits for the <h1>, <h2>, <h3>…tags but common sense says that too long headings are bad for page readability.

Page Title

You should have a good title of your page and it should contain keywords but title length should be between 10 -70 characters and your title will appear on search engine with your listing. Each page should have its exclusive title.

Put the title of your home page with your Primary Keyword and followed by your best Secondary Keyword Phrases.

Use more specific variations to your Primary Keyword Phrase on your specific product, service, or content pages.

Meta Tag 

Meta is information about data. Two major Meta are keywords and description. Contain list of keywords max 110 characters.

<meta name=”keywords” content=”best institutes in gurgaon, php training in gurgaon, best php institutes in delhi”>

<meta name=”description” content=”we provide best training in php with developers. Choose courses in your own ways. Call us : 99999999″>

Description will be publishing on search engine along with your listing; you should have good and catchy lines for description as users prioritize their visits on description.  If you fail to put description tag then search engine will decide any random text from your website.

Apart from these we may try the following meta tags for different search engines as above meta tags will target only Google, yahoo, ask and bing.

<meta name=”email” content=””/>

<meta name=”DC.Description” content=”IT Enquiry Computer Training Portal”/>

<meta name=”DC.Language” content=”en”/>

<meta name=”Distribution” content=”Global”/>

<meta name=”geo.position” content=”Gurgaon” />

Here DC means Dublin core (search engine) and geo geographical means Google map simply you’re listing will generate local search rank.

Anchor title

When you have a link don’t forgot to put title tag including best keyword As Anchor title will help site visitors using a balloon and displaying written text.


<a href=”training.php” title=”best training institutes in gurgaon”>List of Gurgaon Institutes</a>

Img alt

Image alternate keyword is mandatory as text on images can be read by human being only. You should put an alternate keyword for promoting image on Google or other search engines

Example: <img src=”abc.jpg” alt=”webs jyoti logo”>


sitemap.xml contain list of those pages which want to publish or index on search engine. However it’s not mandatory that your all pages will index but you may suggest more and more pages to the search engine.

You can create sitemap.xml using online tools just type sitemap generator on Google and follow the instructions.


it contain the separate list of those pages, you don’t want to appear on search engine and the pages you don’t want to publish like few your personnel pages, you don’t want to share with search engines. for example if you have a online software files in admin folder for your official use and you don’t want to share this to anonymous users.


User-agent: *

Disallow: admin/


do follow, no follow

<meta name=”robots” content=”noindex,nofollow”>

You can tell to a robot that you do not want some of your pages indexed or that you do not want your links followed.


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Hirdesh Bhardwaj

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